NSW Wildlife Council – "Achieving optimal outcomes for Australian wildlife"

Updated resources for Flying-Fox carers

Code of Practice for Injured, Sick and Orphaned Flying-foxes

The Code of Practice for Injured, Sick and Orphaned Flying-foxes is intended for those authorised to rescue, rehabilitate and release flying-foxes.

The code has been developed to ensure the welfare needs of these flying-foxes are met and the conservation benefits stemming from their rehabilitation and release are optimised. It also aims to ensure that risks to the health and safety of volunteers rescuing and caring for these animals are reduced and easily managed.

First published in June 2021; second edition published September 2021


Initial treatment and care guidelines for rescued flying foxes

This document advises on the initial care and management of flying-foxes following rescue, from capture to physical examination, initial stabilisation and treatment before presentation to a veterinarian.

It advises on how to manage the more common rescue encounters in flying-foxes including trauma, heat stroke, burns, orphaning and starvation.

The purpose of this document is to standardise the initial treatment of flying-foxes requiring rescue or rehabilitation, in line with the Code of Practice for Injured, Sick and Orphaned Flying-foxes.


Flying-fox Rehabilitation Training Standards for the Volunteer Wildlife Rehabilitation Sector

These standards must be used for delivering introductory training for flying-fox rehabilitation.

Any person with an authority to rescue and rehabilitate flying-foxes in New South Wales must be trained to these standards and be assessed as competent.


Questionnaire for Australian Wildlife Rehabilitators

Investigators: Professor David Phalen and Lauren Bassett (Project Assistant) from the University of Sydney – School of Veterinary Science has received funding from NSW Wildlife Information, Rescue and Education Service (WIRES) to conduct a survey of Australian wildlife rehabilitators. The study is designed to identify health problems that are impacting wildlife survivability and releasability that would benefit from additional investigation into their cause and treatment. Findings from this survey will inform future research into health problems identified in wildlife.

The survey is seeking to identify illnesses, diseases or injuries that either cause native Australian wildlife to come into care or develop in native wildlife while in care that require further investigation.

To participate, please complete the anonymous online survey via this link: https://redcap.sydney.edu.au/surveys/?s=DECY9PKMKA

The time it will take to complete the survey is dependent on how many wildlife species you rehabilitate, and of these, how many injuries, illnesses and/or diseases you wish to discuss. The study is confidential, and participants cannot be identified from their responses.

Thank you for taking the time to participate in our survey. Your responses will greatly assist in identifying health problems affecting our native wildlife that merit further investigation.

NSW Community Wildlife Survey

The NSW DPIE needs your help to conserve koalas and other local wildlife, to understand the impact of the 2019-20 bushfires and to assess trends in feral animals such as deer and fox.

In 2019, they released the NSW Community Wildlife Survey. The survey aimed to improve our understanding of the distribution of koalas and other mammals, including both native and introduced species, in New South Wales, to indicate how their populations have changed over time and to investigate what might be causing that change.

They ran the survey from May to December.

They have now reopened the survey to help them understand how our wildlife and introduced mammals are faring, and how they have been impacted by the 2019-20 bushfires.

More than ever, we need your sightings of koalas and other mammals from before and after the fires, as well as sightings from areas not affected by the fire.

The information you provide will build on findings from earlier community surveys, allowing us to compare mammal populations in 2006 with those in 2019-20. This data will help us decide the priority sites for action as part of the NSW Government’s Koala Strategy. It will also provide us with vital information about where mammals were affected by fire and where populations remain within and near the fire grounds.

The survey questions include

  • which of the 10 target animals in the image gallery occur in your local area
  • when you last saw the animals in your local area and if you think their numbers are increasing, decreasing or staying the same
  • the health of the koalas in your local area and whether they have young (joeys)
  • what you think are the main threats to koalas in your local area
  • where in New South Wales you have seen any of the 10 target animals over the last 2 years.

The survey should take between 20 and 30 minutes to complete.

For more information, links to the tools that you need to use and to take the survey go to:


Staying healthy during a mouse plague

Mice, rats and other rodents may carry infections that can spread to humans. These infections can spread through direct contact with infected mice or through contact with soil, food or water contaminated by infected mice. These infections are rare, but people should take steps to reduce their risk.

To read the full article go to the NSW health website at – https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/environment/factsheets/Pages/mouse-plague.aspx

Download a PDF factsheet at – https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/environment/factsheets/Factsheets/mouse-plague.pdf

Tips for protecting your health

Minimising rodent contact

  • Seal any holes or gaps inside your home.
  • Store food inside thick, well-sealed containers and clean up any spills/leftover food promptly to avoid attracting rodents.
  • Do not set mouse traps near food preparation areas.

What to do if you are bitten by a rodent

  • Immediately clean the wound with soap and water.
  • Dry the area, apply an antibiotic cream and a clean bandage.
  • Seek medical attention. You may need a tetanus immunisation, and in some circumstances (not always), antibiotics are given to prevent infection.
  • As the wound heals, keep an eye out for signs of infection such as skin that is warm to the touch, redness or pain. See a doctor if these signs develop.

Clean and disinfect mouse contact areas

  • Mop floors and clean countertops with disinfectant or bleach solution.
  • Steam clean or shampoo upholstered furniture and carpets with evidence of rodent exposure.
  • Wash any bedding and clothing with laundry detergent in hot water if exposed to rodent urine or droppings.

Clean up of mouse carcasses

When cleaning up mouse carcases or working in areas where mice have been:

  • Wear gloves
  • Wear waterproof protective clothing and footwear.
  • Cover cuts and abrasions with a waterproof dressing.
  • Wash hands with soap and dry your hands after completing the clean-up, and especially before eating.
  • Ideally, any handling of mouse carcasses should be undertaken by household members who are not pregnant or immunosuppressed.

Guidelines for the initial treatment and care of rescued sea turtles

Hi turtle rescuers & carers, please see the link below to recently published resources relevant to the inital treatment and care of rescued sea turtles.

Guidelines for the initial treatment and care of rescued sea turtles

The purpose of this document is to provide licensed wildlife rehabilitators in New South Wales with guidelines for the initial treatment of sea turtles requiring rescue or rehabilitation.


Guidelines for the initial treatment and care of rescued sea turtles

Helping wildlife in times of emergency

There has been an update to web content to include ‘Helping wildlife during floods’.

It is linked directly to the ‘Helping wildlife in emergencies’ information.

It is still applicable in areas where displaced wildlife turns up injured, sick or disoriented.

Please see the links below.

Helping wildlife in emergencies


Helping wildlife during floods


Updated – DPIE/NPWS Macropod rehabilitation resources

Hi Macropod carers, please see the links below to recently published resources relevant to macropod rehabilitation.

These have been developed in consultation with the sector and veterinary experts.

Guidelines for the Initial Treatment and Care of Rescued Macropods:


Link to the guidelines for the Initial Treatment and Care of Rescued Macropods on DPIE website
Click the image above to go to the guidelines for the Initial Treatment and Care of Rescued Macropods

Macropod Training Standards and Trainers’ Guide for the Volunteer Wildlife Rehabilitation Sector:


Click the image above to go to the guidelines for the initial treatment and care of rescued macropods